Hay fever, also known as allergic rhinitis, causes a runny, stuffy nose, dry or watery, itchy eyes, and sometimes an itchy nose or mouth. When people say they have allergies, often they’re talking about hay fever. It is caused by an environmental trigger, and often it is seasonal, such as pollen. Others triggers are present year-round, such as dust, pet dander, cockroaches, or mold.
You may be prescribed corticosteroid nasal sprays, antihistamines, decongestants, nasal saline flushes, and a type of drug called leukotriene receptor antagonist, which helps with inflammation and lessens mucous production.
An allergist may perform tests to identify your specific allergens, which will help you avoid them or prevent them with immunotherapy (allergy shots).
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