Rosacea may start with a tendency to flush easily, and at first, many of those affected may not realize they have a treatable skin condition. It may develop into a constant facial rash, with visible blood vessels, swelling, acne-like breakouts, and thick, bumpy skin. It can even cause red eyes and swollen eyelids. It is chronic, which means it can be treated and managed, but not cured. Even with treatment, sometimes there may be a persistent redness or flushing on the forehead, nose, chin, and cheeks.

What are the types?

Erythematotelangiectatic rosacea is characterized by redness, flushing, and visible blood vessels.

Papulopustular rosacea often includes redness, swelling, and bumps that resemble acne.

Phymatous rosacea is when the skin thickens and forms cysts or bumps.

Ocular rosacea causes red, irritated eyes, swollen eyelids, and sometimes, bumps that look like styles.

What causes it?

It may be genetic, although suspected causes also include sun exposure, a parasitic mite, the H. pylori bacteria, and vasodilating medications. It comes and goes, but flare-ups may be triggered by a change in humidity, sun exposure, exercise, alcohol consumption, stress, smoking, temperature extremes, spicy foods, and topical steroid creams.

What is the treatment?

Treatment depends on the severity of symptoms and may include a prescription face wash, eye-drops, antibacterial cream, or oral antibiotics. Laser treatment may lessen the visibility of facial veins and calm the general redness.

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